What to Know About Personal Injury Law

Personal injury law is a type of civil litigation that seeks to remedy injuries caused by negligence. Its goal is to make injured parties whole again and prevent future similar offenses from taking place.

If you are thinking about filing a lawsuit for personal injury, it is essential to understand how the legal system functions. This article will provide an introduction to personal injury law from its foundations up.

Statutes of limitations

If you have been injured in a personal injury incident, it is important to be aware of the statutes of limitations. These laws set limits on how long you can file a lawsuit against those responsible for your harm and ensure that courts have time to investigate and consider all evidence before it’s too late.

Generally, the statute of limitations begins to run on the date of your injury or accident that gave rise to your claim. However, there are exceptions to this rule such as a discovery rule which says that no clock begins to run until after the victim has reasonably should have discovered both the injury and its cause.

This rule applies in cases involving toxic exposures, where it may take years to recognize the connection between an incident and your health issues. Conversely, in certain instances the clock may not start until after your injury becomes evident – such as when a doctor misdiagnoses you and symptoms persist for months or even years.

These regulations can be complicated and difficult to comprehend, so consulting a lawyer is always recommended. They will determine how long you have to file your claim and if any exceptions apply in your particular situation.

Intentional torts such as assault, gun violence, false imprisonment, defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress have a statute of limitations that typically runs one year from when the act takes place. Furthermore, defendants often face extended time frames for filing claims after being arrested for such offenses.

Certain personal injury cases require different deadlines for filing a lawsuit, depending on the type and state in which it occurs. There are exceptions to these deadlines which could allow you to extend filing until after the defendant has left the jurisdiction.

In addition to these exceptions, some states have a tolling rule which permits your deadline for filing your personal injury claim to be extended while the defendant is out of state. For instance, if you are injured in a car accident and the driver flees the scene, your statute of limitations might be extended by two years in order to compensate you for any lost income during that time.

Statutes of repose

No matter if you are an attorney or not, it is essential to comprehend the various laws pertaining to personal injury law. One prominent example is the statute of repose, which limits how long someone can pursue a claim after it has expired.

A statute of repose is an essential factor in any product liability case, as it can prevent people from recovering compensation for injuries caused by a faulty item. While statutes vary by state, most require that plaintiffs reach a certain date prior to filing suit.

Some states have implemented statutes of repose in connection with products liability claims, while others have passed them for other purposes like probate court hearings. Generally speaking, a statute of repose is meant to prevent claims that have become outdated and inactive.

The primary distinction between a statute of repose and statute of limitations is when the clock begins to run. A statute of repose starts once an event, such as completion of construction or discovery of an injury, takes place.

However, a statute of repose may not always be as powerful an instrument as a statute of limitations. For instance, medical malpractice claims typically begin to accrue accruement once the plaintiff becomes aware of their injury or illness.

Due to this, it is often necessary to hire a legal expert who understands how to work within the statute of repose in order to maximize your chances for recovering damages for an injury. Some states, such as Florida and Illinois, have special statutes of repose for personal injury cases.

Though not universal, these statutes can be useful in certain circumstances and save time and money in the long run. For instance, in Florida a medical malpractice case must be filed within two years after a doctor diagnoses a patient with an injury-causing condition.

In Illinois, a lawsuit for any injuries claimed as the result of using a prescription drug must be filed within two years from receipt of notice from the manufacturer that an injury has been sustained. Likewise, in Georgia a person claiming to have been injured by a defective product must bring suit within ten years from when they first purchased or sold it to someone who suffered harm due to its ineffectiveness.

Defendants’ defenses

Personal injury law is a complex area of the law that deals with cases in which someone else has wronged another individual. This could be an emotional or physical harm, and those affected may seek compensation for any losses sustained.

Defenders in personal injury claims often employ various defenses to avoid responsibility. Which defense they choose depends on the specifics of each case.

Assumption of Risk is a common defense used by defendants. This assertion implies that the plaintiff voluntarily and knowingly agreed to assume all risks associated with their activities that caused their injuries.

This defense can be utilized in premises liability and product liability cases where there was a danger, and the plaintiff knew of it. It may also be utilized in toxic exposure claims, where someone was exposed to hazardous substances.

The defendant may assert that the plaintiff’s injuries are the result of a preexisting condition exacerbated by their actions and not due to them. This defense can be particularly powerful in cases involving defective drugs or exposure to toxic fumes which caused cancer.

Proving preexisting conditions in court can be a challenging endeavor without medical records and other evidence that demonstrate how the defendant’s actions exacerbated or made worse the condition.

If you’ve been injured, it is essential to contact a personal injury lawyer as soon as possible in order to safeguard your rights and receive the compensation that is owed. An experienced lawyer will fight on your behalf so that all losses are covered fairly and justly by the defendant.

Most states adhere to comparative negligence principles when calculating damage awards in personal injury claims. This means that any financial compensation received by a plaintiff is reduced according to their degree of fault for causing their injuries. Some states have strict comparative negligence laws, while others use modified comparative negligence regulations.


Damages in personal injury cases refer to the money victims can recover from a defendant. The amount awarded depends on the type and extent of the harm suffered.

Personal injury lawyers typically calculate the value of a case by adding together actual expenses and compensation for pain and suffering. This calculation takes into account several factors, such as the extent and nature of injuries, medical costs to treat them, lost wages due to injuries, future care/rehabilitation needs, and more.

A qualified attorney can calculate these numbers and present them to an insurance company for negotiation, helping you receive a fair settlement.

In addition to economic damages, you may also be eligible for non-economic losses like mental anguish and pain and suffering. A qualified personal injury lawyer will be able to assign a high value to these types of losses.

Punitive damages are rarely awarded in personal injury cases, but they may be awarded if the plaintiff can demonstrate that the responsible party acted with gross negligence or recklessness. It’s a high standard of proof, so you’ll need an experienced attorney to win this battle.

Special damages are designed to compensate you for the financial losses caused by an injury or illness, including lost wages and out-of-pocket expenses such as doctor visits, medication, and transportation.

Another type of compensation is known as “lost earning capacity.” This type of reimbursement helps you anticipate any financial hardships you could experience due to your injuries in the future.

For example, if you suffer a brain injury, it’s essential to estimate how much your earning capacity will deteriorate over time. Doing so could limit your capacity for living comfortably and taking care of yourself.

These three types of compensation are the most prevalent in New York, but there may be others that apply to your case. It’s best to consult with an experienced New York personal injury lawyer for more details regarding your legal options.