What Type of Law is Personal Injury?

Personal injury law (known as tort law ) allows injured parties to file civil suits when someone breaches their professional obligations or acts with malicious intent, such as car accidents, medical malpractice and product liability lawsuits (defective products). Common claims include car crashes, medical malpractice claims and product liability (defective products).

An attempt at litigation should result in you recovering monetary damages to cover your losses, so to get them, it must be proven. In order to do that, proof must be presented that:


Personal injury law (tort law) offers victims of accidents or social wrongs the financial compensation they need for injuries caused by others. An injured party, known as a plaintiff, files suit against those responsible.

Specific or economic damages compensate accident victims for expenses they incurred as a result of their injuries, such as medical bills, rehabilitation costs, property damage repair/replace costs, lost wages and future expected earnings. Non-economic damages (pain and suffering compensation) can vary widely based on severity and impact to quality of life.

Product liability claims hold manufacturers and all parties in the distribution chain accountable for defective products that cause injuries, while wrongful death suits are filed by close relatives or loved ones of deceased victims. Punitive damages may also be awarded in cases of particularly egregious misconduct where negligent or reckless behavior was involved; when this happens, punitive damages may be added on top of compensatory damages as punishment against defendants.


Causation is a key aspect of personal injury claims. It connects the defendant’s actions to your damages while simultaneously connecting their duty of care with your accident and injuries.

In order to succeed with a personal injury claim, both actual and proximate causes must be established. Proximate cause involves showing whether your injuries were reasonably foreseeable while actual cause requires showing that they would not have happened “but for” the breach in duty by defendant.

Your case for causation can be strengthened by gathering evidence at the scene of the accident, such as police reports, eyewitness testimony, medical records, and expert witness opinions. Working with legal representation to navigate through these complexities of proving causation will increase the chance of receiving an attractive settlement offer.

Duty of care

Individuals have a legal responsibility to act reasonably and avoid causing harm to others, and those who fail to do so are guilty of negligence. A house owner owes it to guests of his or her property to make sure the environment is free from hazards that could cause injuries – for instance broken glass must not obstruct access to doors and walkways leading to the property; doctors likewise owe it to their patients by meeting certain standards of care – anything short is malpractice.

Understand the concept of duty of care as it applies to personal injury cases is essential. For example, if someone negligently blows through a stop sign and strikes your car, it is critical that you establish that they owed you a duty of care and breached it in causing your injuries.


Personal injury cases often rely on negligence as their foundation, which is defined as failing to act in accordance with an average person under similar circumstances. Sometimes gross or reckless conduct must also be proved; these acts tend to be seen as more severe than simple carelessness. Sometimes punitive damages are available as compensation against defendants.

To be successful in any personal injury claim, the plaintiff must also demonstrate causation – this means demonstrating how a defendant’s action(s) caused their injuries directly. Typically this can be demonstrated using video footage of an accident site, eyewitness statements and expert testimony as proof. A good attorney can explain these concepts further and help to select evidence pertinent for each particular case; some common defenses include sovereign immunity, statute limitations or contributory or comparative negligence as possible defenses.